Web Literacy for Student Fact-Checkers...and other people who care about facts, by Mike Caulfield, director of blended and networked learning at Washington State University Vancouver and head of the Digital Polarization Initiative of the American Democracy Project.
To navigate in this book, click on the down arrow next to contents
Confirmation Bias: "subconscious tendency to seek and interpret information and other evidence in ways that affirm our existing beliefs, ideas, expectations, and/or hypotheses. Therefore, confirmation bias is both affected by and feeds our implicit biases. It can be most entrenched around beliefs and ideas that we are strongly attached to or that provoke a strong emotional response." Source: Facing History and Ourselves (This is a link to a lesson plan).
Here are some links to lists of fake news sites:
OpenSources "a curated resource for assessing online information sources. Websites in this resource range from credible news sources to misleading and outright fake websites. Headed by Melissa Zimdars of Merrimack College."
Bellingcat - Crowd-sourced investigations, & training citizen journalists in conflict zones
SciCheck FactCheck.org’s SciCheck feature focuses exclusively on false and misleading scientific claims that are made by partisans to influence public policy.
FlackCheck political literacy companion site to the award-winning FactCheck.org. The site provides resources designed to help viewers recognize flaws in arguments in general and political ads in particular. Video resources point out deception and incivility in political rhetoric.
SourceWatch (Center for Media and Democracy) profiles the activities of front groups, PR spinners, industry-friendly experts, industry-funded organizations, and think tanks trying to manipulate public opinion on behalf of corporations or government.
Fake news is information posing as news, which has not been verified and is not true. It could be clickbait, rumours, hoaxes, propaganda, or satire. Today fake news is overwhelmingly web-driven, but fake news is nothing new.
Check out this explainer on Fake News and the Spread of Disinformation from Journalist's Resource, from the Harvard Shorenstein Center on Media Politics and Public Policy.
Timeline of Key moments in the latest fake news debate from Claire Wardle at FirstDraftNews. FirstDraftNews works with its media partners to improve online news verification, reporting and sharing.
2016's top fake news stories were collected by C|net from the fact-checking sites Snopes, Factcheck,org and Politifact.
Who's reading fake news? According to the Jumpshot Tech Blog:
Data on Facebook’s fake news problem, The Jumpshot Tech Blog, Nov. 29, 2016
How To Spot Fake News - Infographic Tipsheet from IFLA
This LibGuide was inspired by these excellent works: