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Fact Checking, Verification & Fake News: Solutions to Misinformation

Show your work: The new terms for trust in journalism Via PressThink

Show your work: The new terms for trust in journalism Via PressThink a project of the Arthur L. Carter Journalism Institute at New York University, is written by Jay Rosen. 11 ways to use transparency as "the primary means of trust production."

Behavioral Economics & Social Marketing

Changing Behavior Through Education

We can empower students and readers through education/advocacy about the need for truth in politics, and the efforts to use fake news to destabilizer our democracy, so that they change the way they engage with news, and take steps to verify what they read and share:

From Towards a Post-Lies Future: Fighting "Alternative Facts" and "Post-Truth" Politics  by Gleb Tsipursky in The Humanist.

Since ancient Greece, truth in politics has been vital for a democracy to function properly. Citizens need to care about and know the reality of political affairs, at least in broad terms, to make wise decisions regarding which politicians and policies to support. Otherwise, what reason do politicians have to care about serving the true interests of the citizenry? They can simply use emotional manipulation and lies to procure and stay in power, paving the way for corruption and authoritarianism

Indeed, truth in politics is a common good just like clean air and water, and the pollution of truth will devastate our political system just as environmental pollution devastates our planet and our physical health. Fortunately, we can learn from the successes of the environmental movement. It started with small groups of motivated and informed people engaging in sustained education and advocacy. As a result of these efforts, regular citizens increasingly changed their everyday behavior through recycling, repurposing, and composting, while politicians passed pro-environmental legislation such as the Clean Air Act

The protruth movement will require early advocates to act from the same kind of marginalized political position as early environmental activists, fighting both against the political status quo and the tendency of our brains toward lazy thinking.

Tech Solutions to Fake News

TrustedNews a Chrome app that helps you spot Fake News.

The Open Mind chrome extension web extension designed to combat fake news and political polarization, using cognitive science and machine learning.

The Facebook Journalism Project

To fight fake news, Facebook will be "collaborating with news organizations to develop products, learning from journalists about ways we can be a better partner, and working with publishers and educators on how we can equip people with the knowledge they need to be informed readers in the digital age."

The cure for Facebook's fake news infection? It might be these women via CNET

Eli Pariser, the co-founder of Upworthy and author of The Filter Bubble has created a Google Doc to crowdsource Design Solutions for Fake News.

BS Detector Chrome Extension

FirstDraft NewsCheck Chrome Extension


How to Pop Your Filter Bubble

The Filter Bubble is Eli Pariser's theory that personalization on websites and social media we use, creates a filter bubble sending us only information, news and suggestions that confirm our views and likes, and distancing us from other information.

The Filter Bubble: How the New Personalized Web Is Changing What We Read and How We Think, by Eli Pariser

Tools to pop your filter bubble from The Simple Psychological Trick to Political Persuasion, The Atlantic:

  • Hi From the Other Side will introduce you to someone who voted for the candidate you voted against in the federal election. Simply fill out a questionnaire and the organization will pair you with someone with whom you can “engage in civil conversation.” The goal, says the website, is “not to convince, but to understand.”
  • Escape Your Bubble will also help you understand the other side. It’s a Chrome plugin that injects informative articles into your Facebook feed, meant to highlight issues you might not think about.
  • The Echo Chamber Club handpicks articles to challenge liberal viewpoints, and sends them out in an email newsletter.
  • Allsides is a news organization that views all journalists as inherently biased. “In journalism school, they teach you how to report in an unbiased manner, and some journalists do a pretty good job of that,” CEO John Gable told Forbes shortly after the website launched in 2012. “But frankly, we think that’s bullshit. We don’t think it’s possible to be unbiased.” Allsides gathers contrasting viewpoints on the news of the day, spanning the political spectrum.

Additional resources:

4 ways to burst the ‘filter bubble’ isolating you from different viewpoints

How can Facebook and its users burst the ‘filter bubble’?

How to improve your Facebook feed, so we see the next Trump coming

12 Ways to Break Your Filter Bubble and Gain Diverse Perspectives

News Integrity Initiative @ CUNY J-School

The News Integrity Initiative 

The News Integrity Initiative at the CUNY J-School is a $14 million fund supporting efforts to connect journalists, technologists, academic institutions, non-profits, and other organizations from around the world to foster informed and engaged communities, combat media manipulation, and support inclusive, constructive, and respectful civic discourse.

The fund is seeded with grants from a coalition of partners, which currently include Facebook, Craig Newmark Philanthropic Fund, Ford Foundation, AppNexus, Knight Foundation, Tow Foundation, Betaworks, Mozilla, and Democracy Fund.

What Journalists Can Do to Thwart Fake News

Latest Research Studies on Fake News

Check the links below:

Latest research on fake news and the spread of misinformation - from Journalist's Resource from Harvard Shorenstein Center

Real news about fake news - from NiemanLab

Fact-Checking Research Database - from Poynter Institute 

Community Engagement & Social Journalism

According to Carrie Brown-Smith, Social journalism director at Craig Newmark Graduate School of Journalism at CUNY: Social journalism is about finding new ways to serve communities. To recast journalism as a service that helps communities meet their goals and solve problems.Listening to a community: understanding and empathizing with its needs and learning how to help a community share its own knowledge. 

Here's Carrie's list of Best Resources on Community Engagement and Social Journalism.

According to Jennifer Preston, Vice President for Journalism, Knight Foundation: "Quality journalism is a buttress against the torrent of fake news we've seen explode in the past year, and it can help rebuild the diminishing trust many people have in society's core institutions...At Knight, we are supporting projects to help journalists and news organizations build trust with their audience by engaging more directly with community residents."  5 Questions For...Philanthropy News Digest